Lydia Wanstall

Copy-editing and Proofreading

 
 
 

Academic writing

Academic texts are frequently subjected to an intense level of scrutiny: essays, dissertations and theses will usually have some proportion of their final marks allocated according to the way the subject is communicated; and other academic articles, papers, reviews and similar will often be pored over, reviewed themselves, and used to provide quotations for future texts. In the expectation of this high level of analysis – greater than in almost any other area of literary endeavour – academic writers need to be entirely confident in the accuracy and intelligibility of the documents they produce.

Style and language

Most educational establishments and publishers of academic articles and books will have specific style guides that must be adhered to, which will inform the content, structure, reference style and overall format of the document, and these can vary widely from institution to institution. In addition, while English-language universities and many academic publications require texts to be presented in English, many students and acknowledged experts in all academic fields are non-native English speakers, and may therefore require additional editorial assistance with the preparation of their written work.

Editing requirements

An editor of academic texts will:

  • eliminate errors in grammar, spelling and punctuation
  • check that the language used is appropriate for the intended readership
  • remove repetition and unnecessary wordiness
  • eliminate ambiguity and imprecision
  • ensure adherence to the house style
  • check reference completeness and adherence to the publication’s or institution’s requirements
  • check all cross-references and notes
  • ensure that headings, subheadings and numbered series are suitable, complete and consistent
  • check that the progression of ideas is logical and the argument coherent
  • ensure that the 5 Cs are adhered to – that the text is clear, correct, concise, comprehensible and consistent.

Testimonials

I have used Lydia’s services as a copy-editor for several scientific publications on environmental health. Lydia is easy to work with, professional and efficient, and produces great results. I have been very pleased with the final products she delivered and will definitely work with her again!

Marie-Eve Héroux
Technical Officer, Air Quality & Noise at European Centre for Environment and Health, WHO Regional Office for Europe

Lydia is one of the most trustworthy, dedicated and highly reliable editors/proofreaders I have ever known. As a regular client, I truly admire the state-of-the-art standard for her editing and proofreading. I have never, ever been disappointed with her output.

Shunzo Majima
Associate Professor at Hokkaido University, Japan

Many thanks for all your help Lydia – just to say how impressed we have been with all your work as well as how quickly and thoroughly you have turned things round.

Dr Jo Nurse
WHO Regional Office for Europe